A pale green to blue mineral that is sometimes found as a encrustations on bronzes. Aurichalcite is composed of copper zinc carbonate hydroxide. As a mineral, it forms in the oxidation zones of zinc-copper deposits. Sources of the mineral are found in Greece (Laurium), Namibia (Tsumeb, Marpimi), Mexico (Durango), and the U.S. (Bisbee Arizona, Colorado, Utah. The transparent to translucent needle-like crystals grow as aggregates.
Synonyms and Related Terms
mountain copper; oreichalkos (Gr.)
Transparent acicular, orthorhombic crystals with silky to pearly in luster; Streak = white; Fracture = uneven; Cleavage is perfect in one direction;
Reacts with acids to release carbon dioxide bubbles.
|Mohs Hardness||1 - 2|
|Density||3.6 - 4.0|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 546.71|
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Website address 1 Comment: mineral.galleries.com/minerals/carbonate/aurichal/aurichal.htm (density 3.6-4.0, hardness 1-2)
- Website address 2 Comment: www.azminerals.com/AS%20Minerals/Aurichalcite.htm (hardness 1.5, density 3.93)
- Website address 3 Comment: webmineral.com/data/aurichalcite.shtml (density 3.64-3.9, hardness 2)
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurichalcite (Accessed Sept 2, 2005; density = 3.96, hardness = 1-2)