A fencing wire with double-pointed barbs attached at regular intervals. Barbed wire was patented in 1867 and a machine was made for its manufacture in 1873 by Joseph Gidden in De Kalb, Illinois. Barbed wire quickly became important for farmers, ranchers, and military operations. It is made from galvanized steel wire for rust resistance. Some varieties of barbed wire have two or three twisted wire strands for strength.
Synonyms and Related Terms
barb wire; barbwire; barbed-wire; fence wire; razor wire; devil's rope; ostnatý drát (Ces.); Stacheldraht (Deut.); fil de fer barbelé (Fr.); prikkeldraad (Ned.); piggtråd (Nor.); drut kolczasty (Pol.); taggtråd (Sven.); arame farpado (Port.)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 353
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Barbed Wire." Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 Sept. 2004 .
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbed_wire (accessed Mar. 24, 2006) for non-English terms
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998