A dark brown, odorous liquid obtained from the destructive distillation of bone. Hartshorn oil smells of ammonia and pyridine. Bone oil is an unwanted byproduct from overheating bone glue. It is sometimes used to denature alcohol.
See also animal oil.
Synonyms and Related Terms
aceite de huesos (Esp.); hartshorn oil; Dippel's oil; animal oil; Jeppel's oil
Soluble in water.
Hazards and Safety
Evolves toxic ammonium cyanide when heated to 180C.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 108