Brown pigments

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Brown pigments


Brown is a low luminance color that is typically produced by adding black or their complementary colors to red, orange, or yellow paint. It is considered an earth tone and has an unlimited numbers of shades. An average brown color is represented by the following color coordinates:

Hex triplet:  # 964B00
RGB: (150, 75, 0); CMYK (0, 50, 100, 41) 
HSV: (30°, 100%, 59%)

Examples of inorganic brown pigments:

earth colors (iron oxide, ocher, umber, sienna)
bituminous (Vandyke brown, mummy)
other (Prussian brown, manganese brown, Mars brown)

Examples of organic brown pigments:

animal (sepia)
plant (bister, cutch, henna, nettle, logwood)
synthetic (brown azo dyes)

Synonyms and Related Terms

brun (Dan., Sven.); Braun (Deut.); pardo (Esp.); castaño (Esp.); pigments bruns (Fr.); pigmenti marrone (It.) canus (Lat.); bruin (Ned.); pigmentos castanhos (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998