Cellulose fiber

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A class of natural fibers obtained from plants. Cellulose fibers have been used since ancient times for making clothing, ropes, thread, and paper.

Cellulose fibers are obtained from:

- seed hairs: cotton, kapok, coir,

- leaves: abaca, agave, henequen, sisal, istle, banana

- stems: flax, hemp, jute, kenaf, ramie, straw, bamboo, grass

- trees:hardwood, softwood, bark

Synonyms and Related Terms

natural fiber; plant fibers; vegetable fibers; fibras de celulosa (Esp.); cellulose vezel (Ned);

Other Properties

Approximate cellulose content: cotton (98%); ramie (86%); hemp (65%); jute (58%); deciduous woods (41-42%); confierous woods (41-44%); cornstalks (43%); wheat straw (42%).


Properties of Natural Fibers

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Bernard Toale, The Art of Papermaking, Davis Publications, Portland OR, 1983