Ceramic glaze

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Description

A thin, vitreous, opaque coating fired on the surface of a ceramic body to add color, texture, and/or water resistance. The glaze is typically a colored glass-forming mixture that is applied to the surface of a fired ceramic piece. The ceramic is then refired at a temperature that vitrifies the glaze, but is lower than the original firing temperature. Ceramic glazes are usually mixtures of silicates, colorants, and flux. Examples include: alkaline glaze, ash glaze, Bristol glaze, crystalline glaze, celadon, oxblood, peach bloom, glaze, matte glaze, raw glaze, salt glaze, slip glaze, and tin glaze.

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Synonyms and Related Terms

glaçure céramique (Fr.); vidrado cerâmico (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "traditional ceramics." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service 4 Feb. 2005 .