Chelating agent

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Applying poultice

Description

A heterocyclic ring compound that can attract and hold a metal ion. Chelating agents are used to remove traces a metals in solutions, such as zinc, iron, copper, manganese, and cobalt. They are added to detergents to minimize and precipitation or discoloration caused by unwanted metal ions. Chelating agents are also used in water softeners. Examples of chelating agents are ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), nitrilotriacetic acid, n-hydroxyethylethylenediaminetriacetic acid (HEDTA), hemoglobin, chlorophyll, as well as several simple organic acids like oxalic acid, malic acid. rubeanic acid and citric acid.

Synonyms and Related Terms

chelator; chelation, sequestering agent; EDTA; Trilon; Komplexone; Tritriplex; Calgon®

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 190
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Richard C. Wolbers, Nanette T. Sterman, Chris Stavroudis, Notes for Workshop on New Methods in the Cleaning of Paintings, J.Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 1990
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988

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