A black viscous liquid with a naphthalene odor. Coal tar is obtained by the distillation of bituminous coal. It can be separated into several fractions: gasoline, oil, creosote, and pitch. Coal tar is used in the manufacture of plastics and aniline dyes. It is also used for waterproofing, paints, roofing, roads, and as a pesticide.
Synonyms and Related Terms
coal-tar; goudron de houille (Fr.)
Soluble in ether, benzene, carbon disulfide, chloroform. Slightly soluble in ethanol, acetone, methanol, water.
Hazards and Safety
Human carcinogen. Toxic by inhalation. Combustible.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000