Coal tar

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Description

A black viscous liquid with a naphthalene odor. Coal tar is obtained by the distillation of bituminous coal. It can be separated into several fractions: gasoline, oil, creosote, and pitch. Coal tar is used in the manufacture of plastics and aniline dyes. It is also used for waterproofing, paints, roofing, roads, and as a pesticide.

Synonyms and Related Terms

coal-tar; goudron de houille (Fr.)

Other Properties

Soluble in ether, benzene, carbon disulfide, chloroform. Slightly soluble in ethanol, acetone, methanol, water.

CAS 65996-93-2
Density 1.18-1.23

Hazards and Safety

Human carcinogen. Toxic by inhalation. Combustible.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998