Coal tar dye
An early general name for any of the thousands of synthetic organic colorants obtained from coal-tar based products, such as benzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene, anthracene, and aniline. Coal-tar dyes were first derived in 1856 when William Perkin made mauve, an aniline dye.
See also aniline dye.
Synonyms and Related Terms
aniline dyes; colorante al catrame (It.); aniline colors; coal tar colors; coal-tar colors
Hazards and Safety
Some coal tar dyes are carcinogenic.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986