A blue printed image prepared by a nonsilver process that was popular for photographs at the end of the 19th century. More recently, cyanotypes, or blueprints, were primarily used to copy architectural drawings. The cyanotype method was suggested in 1842 by British astronomer Sir John Herschel but not widely used until the 1880s after Henri Pellet developed a direct positive blueprint process (1877). In this process, cyanotype paper is coated with a ferric and an organic acid in a binder (dextrin, gum, or gelatin); after exposure to light the image is developed with potassium ferricyanide which reacts to form Prussian blue. The blue image on white paper is fixed by washing the remaining salts away in an aqueous solution.
Synonyms and Related Terms
blueprint; blue print; Prussian-blue process; Pellet process; pelletones
Hazards and Safety
Highly sensitive to alkalis. Should not contact buffered paper.
Alternative Photography: Cyanotype history
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Blueprint." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 29 Apr. 2004 .
- Website address 2 Comment: Alternative Photography at http://www.alternativephotography.com/articles/art007.html
- The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Photography"
- Luis Nadeau, Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic, and Photomechanical Processes, Atelier, New Brunswick, 1997
- Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992
- Website address 1 Comment: AMOL reCollections Glossary - http://amol.org.au/recollections/7/c/htm
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998