Cyanotype

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MFA Acc. #: 1983.186

Contents

Description

A blue printed image prepared by a nonsilver process that was popular for photographs at the end of the 19th century. More recently, cyanotypes, or blueprints, were primarily used to copy architectural drawings. The cyanotype method was suggested in 1842 by British astronomer Sir John Herschel but not widely used until the 1880s after Henri Pellet developed a direct positive blueprint process (1877). In this process, cyanotype paper is coated with a ferric and an organic acid in a binder (dextrin, gum, or gelatin); after exposure to light the image is developed with potassium ferricyanide which reacts to form Prussian blue. The blue image on white paper is fixed by washing the remaining salts away in an aqueous solution.

MFA Acc. #: 1986.593

Synonyms and Related Terms

blueprint; blue print; Prussian-blue process; Pellet process; pelletones

Hazards and Safety

Highly sensitive to alkalis. Should not contact buffered paper.

SEM

Cyanotype sample12 site2.jpg


Additional Information

Alternative Photography: Cyanotype history

Additional Images


Authority

  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Blueprint." Encyclop√¶dia Britannica. 2004. Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Premium Service. 29 Apr. 2004 .
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Photography"
  • Luis Nadeau, Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic, and Photomechanical Processes, Atelier, New Brunswick, 1997
  • Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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