Diethylene glycol

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Description

A colorless, thick, hygroscopic liquid that is used as a finishing agent for fabrics (wool, cotton, rayon, and silk), tobacco, leather, sponges, paper products, and cork. As a finishing agent, diethylene glycol prevents materials from drying out and becoming stiff or hard. Diethylene glycol is used as a lubricant, plasticizer, surfactant, and solvent in many types of polymers, adhesives, varnishes, paints, inks, and dyes.

See also ethylene glycol

Synonyms and Related Terms

2,2'-oxybisethanol; dihydroxydiethyl ether; diglycol; DEG; oxydiethanol

Chemical structure

Diethylene glycol.jpg


Other Properties

Miscible with water, ethanol, ether, acetone, ethylene glycol. Insoluble in benzene, toluene and carbon tetrachloride.

Composition C4H10O3
CAS 111-46-6
Melting Point -6.5
Density 1.118
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 106.1
Refractive Index 1.445
Boiling Point 244-245

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by ingestion. Skin contact may cause redness. Reacts strongly with oxidants.

Combustible. Flash point = 124C

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Comparisons

Properties of Common Solvents


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 303
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979 Comment: flash point = 140C
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
  • Website address 1 Comment: www.jetcity.com/~mrjones/chemdesc.htm - photographic chemicals
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index= 1.445