Dimethylformamide

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Description

A clear, toxic liquid that is considered a universal solvent since it is miscible in both water and organic solvents. Dimethylformamide (DMF) dissolves most natural and synthetic resins, and, with heat and time, DMF will even soften epoxy. It is often used in liquid chromatographic systems as a gradient intermediate between polar and nonpolar solvents. DMF is also used in some commercial paint stripping formulations.

Synonyms and Related Terms

DMF; DMFA; n,n-dimethyl formamide

Chemical structure

Dimethylformamide.jpg


Other Properties

Miscible with water and most common organic solvents.

Composition HCON(CH3)2
CAS 68-12-2
Melting Point -61
Density 0.9445
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 73.09
Boiling Point 153

Hazards and Safety

Carcinogenic. Overexposure may cause vomiting, liver damage and high blood pressure. Irritant to skin. Combustible; moderate fire risk. Flash point = 58C

Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption.

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Comparisons

Properties of Common Solvents


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 9232
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986