A class of water-insoluble dyes that are usually applied as aqueous dispersions. First used in 1923 for dyeing acetates, disperse dyes are now also used for other types of synthetic fibers, such acrylic, nylon, and polyester. Disperse dyes contain amino groups in the following classes: nitroarylamine, azo, and anthraquinone. In addition to dyeing from an aqueous dispersion, disperse dyes may be applied under pressure or applied by heat sublimation directly onto the fibers. After dyeing, the fibers may remain untreated or may be fixed with heat (thermosol) or diazotization treatments.
Synonyms and Related Terms
acetate dye; disperse dyes
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
- Thomas B. Brill, Light Its Interaction with Art and Antiquities, Plenum Press, New York City, 1980