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Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.)



Over 700 evergreen tree species belong to the genus Eucalyptus. They are native to Australia but are now grown in many subtropical locations around the world (California, Spain, South America, India, South Africa, etc.). Eucalyptus wood is used for construction, papermaking pulp, inexpensive furniture and small turned items such as paintbrush handles. Most eucalyptus wood is durable but not dimensionally stable. The bark from the trees, however, is high in tannins and is used on a large scale for leather production. Most commonly used tannins are obtained from maletto bark (E. astringens) and mugga or red iron bark (E. sideroxylon). These tend to produce a dark red leather and are sometimes mixed with other tannins. Eucalyptus oil is obtained from the dry leaves of several species of eucalyptus trees especially E. salicifolia and E. globulus (blue gum).

Blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus)

Synonyms and Related Terms

gumwood; white mountain ash; eucalyptus (Fr., Sven.); Eukalyptus (Deut.); eucalipto (It.); eucalipto (Esp., Port.); eucalyptusboom (Ned.); eukaliptus (Pol.); Tasmanian oak (Eucalyptus regnans); blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus); red iron bark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon); maletto bark (Eucalyptus astringens)

Other Properties

Color: light brown. Rings:distinct. Pores: distinct, coarse. Grain: distinct. Rays: obscure. Hard, heavy wood.

Density 42 ppcf
Molecular Weight specific gravity = 0.67

Additional Images


  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 382
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, Comment: "Eucalyptus." Encyclop√¶dia Britannica. 2005. Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Premium Service 7 Apr. 2005 .
  • H.L.Edlin, What Wood is That?, Viking Press, New York, 1969
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997

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