Faience

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Contents

Description

1) A highly colored, opaque glaze used for pottery, ceramic tiles, and architectural terracotta, particularly in the 16th-18th centuries in France and Germany. Faience was the French name given to a tin-glazed pottery originally made in Faenze, Italy. The Italian made pottery is now called majolica.

2) Any glazed earthenware.

3) Finely glazed Egyptian pottery.

Synonyms and Related Terms

faience (Ned.); faïence (Fr.); faiança (Port.); fayence; majolica

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Additional Information

P.Nicholson, E.Peltenburg, "Egyptian Faience" in Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, P.Nicholson, I.Shaw (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 177.

Authority

  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "faience." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service 4 Feb. 2005 .

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