Fuller's earth

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Description

A naturally absorbent colloidal clay composed of a mixture of aluminum magnesium silicates, such as montmorillonite, kaolinite, attapulgite, and palygorskite. Deposits of fuller's earth are located in England, Japan, and the U.S. (Florida, Georgia, Illinois and Texas). Fuller's earth obtained its name because it originally was used for fulling wool; a process where oil and dirt were removed by kneading the wool in a mixture of water and fine earth. It is still used for dry cleaning carpets, fur, textiles and wool because it effectively absorbs oils and greases. Fuller's earth is also used as a filler in talcum powder, paint, paper, rubber, and epoxy resin.

Synonyms and Related Terms

floridin; attapulgite; palygorskite; bentonite; diatomite; montmorillonite; Fuller's earth (sp-no cap); fullers earth; tierra de Fuller (Esp.); Fullererde (Deut.)

Hazards and Safety

Noncombustible.

Talas: MSDS

Comparisons

Properties of Common Abrasives


Sources Checked for Data in Record

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