Gamma benzene hexachloride

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Mass spectrum of lindane

Description

An odorless, white crystalline powder that is most commonly used as an insecticide and fumigant for the control of chiggers, ticks, fleas, cockroaches, lice, and Acarus scabiei. The legal name for gamma benzene hexachloride is lindane and it is sold commercially as Gammexane.

Synonyms and Related Terms

BHC; lindane; benzene hexachloride; hexachlorocyclohexane; Gammexane [ICI]; Hexafor; Dolmix; Kotol; Soprocide; Kilbeech; Hexyclan

Composition C6H6Cl6
CAS 58-89-9 (608-73-1)
Melting Point 113
Density 1.87
Molecular Weight mol. wt.=290.8
Boiling Point 323

FTIR

LindaneIR.jpg

Chemical structure

Lindanestruct.jpg


Hazards and Safety

Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. LD50 = 88-270 mg/kg. Potential carcinogen.

International Chemical Safety Card

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Nancy Odegaard, Alyce Sadongei, and associates, Old Poisons, New Problems, Altimira, Walnut Creek, CA, 2005
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • G.Caneva, M.P.Nugari, O.Salvadori, Biology in the Conservation of Works of Art, ICCROM, Rome, 1991
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976