A common name for pyrolusite, a manganese dioxide ore, used as a decolorizer in the manufacture of glass. Manganese dioxide has been used as a glass declolorizers since about the 2nd century BCE. Small amounts, 0.5 - 1.0%, were often used in Roman glass.
Synonyms and Related Terms
manganese dioxide; pyrolusite
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 494
- Thomas B. Brill, Light Its Interaction with Art and Antiquities, Plenum Press, New York City, 1980
- External source or communication Comment: CoOL DISTLIST entry by Stephen Koob 18 Sep 2002