Glucose

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Description

A naturally occurring sugar found in plants and animals. Glucose is a clear, crystalline water-soluble carbohydrate most often used for flavoring foods and for fermentation. In art, aqueous solutions of glucose (corn syrup) have been used as a glycerol substitute to plasticize glue and starch pastes. Glucose can attract insects and is susceptible to biological growth.

Synonyms and Related Terms

sugar; dextrose, d-glucose; grape sugar; corn sugar; blood sugar; corn syrup

FTIR

MFA- Glucose.jpg

Chemical structure

Glucose.jpg


Other Properties

Soluble in water. Slightly soluble in ethanol.

Composition C6H12O6
CAS 50-99-7
Melting Point 146-152
Density 1.544
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 180.2

Hazards and Safety

Combustible. Incompatible with strong bases. Decomposition may produce toxic fumes.

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "glucose." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Nov. 2004 .
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998