Glutaraldehyde

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Description

A strong smelling gas sold commercially as a 25% aqueous solution. Glutaraldehyde polymerizes in water to form a clear viscous liquid. It is used as a biocide which acts by disrupting the cells of lichen, mold, bacteria, and fungi by alkylating and crosslinking the proteins. Glutaraldehyde is also used as a synthetic tanning agent for leathers.

Synonyms and Related Terms

glutaric dialdehyde; 1,5-pentanedial; glutaral; 1,3-diformylpropane; Cidex; Glutarol; Novaruca; Verucasep; Ucaricide

Chemical structure

Glutaraldehyde.jpg


Other Properties

Soluble in water.

Composition OHC(CH2)3CHO
CAS 111-30-8
Melting Point -14
Density 0.7
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 100.12
Refractive Index 1.4338
Boiling Point 187-189 (dec)

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Skin contact causes irritation.

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 4480