A matte, opaque watercolor paint that primarily uses gum arabic, gum senegal, or dextrin as a binder. Gouache paints have opaque pigments rather than the transparent pigments used in watercolor paints. Chalk and other white fillers may be added to some colors. Gouache was used for miniature paintings in the 16th-18th centuries. It was also popular for decorative paintings on interior walls and for printing wall paper patterns. Poster paints are an inexpensive version of gouache.
Synonyms and Related Terms
poster paint; bodycolor; body colour (Br.); Guasch (Deut.); gouache (Fr.); guazzo (It.); guache (Esp., Port.)
J.Stephenson, "Gouache" The Dictionary of Art Grove's Dictionaries Inc, New York, 1996.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
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- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
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- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- External source or communication Comment: D. van der Reyden "Identifying the Real Thing" at www.scmre.org/analysis.htm
- Website address 2 Comment: Multilingual Glossary for Art Librarians at http://www.ifla.org/VII/s30/pub/mgl.htm
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- Website address 1 Comment: conservation termlist : www.hants.org.uk/museums
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000