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Some definitions for grain are:

1) A cereal plant such as wheat, corn, barley, etc.

2) The direction or pattern of the fibers in wood.

3) The threads in a textile parallel to the selvage.

4) The side of leather or parchment which formerly had fur.

5) The lengthwise fibers in paper aligned with the machine direction.

6) The natural pattern in wood, leather, stone or other material.

7) Fine crystalline particles found in metals.

8) The smallest unit of weight in many systems.

9) A small, fine particle.

10) An alternate name for kermes.

11) The granular texture or appearance of any material.

Synonyms and Related Terms

paper grain; wood grain

Additional Information

5) R.P.Grant, "About Paper Grain" Skin Deep Newsletter, Vol 10, Autumn, 2000.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Boise Cascade Paper Group, The Paper Handbook, Boise Cascade, Portland OR, 1989
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • R. Bruce Hoadley, Identifying Wood, The Taunton Press, Newton, CT, 1990