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American hazelnut Corylus americana


A small deciduous tree or large shrub (Corylus avellana, Corylus americana or Corylus maxima) native to the northern hemisphere. Hazel trees are grown ornamentally and for their nuts. The edible hazelnuts, also called filberts, from these deciduous plants produce an oil, (hazelnut oil) that is similar to walnut oil.

Synonyms and Related Terms

hazel wood; filbert; cob nut; hazelnut oil; Corylus avellana (Common hazel); Corylus americana (American filbert, American hazel); Corylus maxima (European filbert); avellanos (Esp.); hassel (Dan.); Haselstrauch (Deut.); hazelaar (Ned.); hazelnoten (Ned.); leszczyn (Pol.); noisetier (Fr.); nocciolo (It.); aveleira (Port.)


Other Properties

Nuts = 1-3 cm long and 1-2 cm in diameter, edible

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "filbert." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 30 Oct. 2004 .
  • Website address 1 Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (accessed Oct. 3, 2005)
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997