A golden brown to red color gemstone composed of grossular (calcium aluminum garnet) which has a small portion of iron. Hessonite resembles yellow zircon in color and both were called hyacinth in ancient times because they were found in the same gem-bearing gravels of Ceylon. Hessonite is softer than quartz and less brittle than zircon and hence, was used in ancient engraved gems (Ogden 1982).
Synonyms and Related Terms
grossularite; cinnamon stone; essonite; mormoriom; hessenite; esonita (Esp.); Hessonit (Deut.)
J. Ogden, Jewelry of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications, New York, 1982.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hessonite (Accessed Sept. 7, 2005)