A rare-earth metallic element. Holmium occurs naturally in rare-earth minerals such as gadolinite, monazite, and xenotime. Its abundance in the earth's crust is about 1.2 ppm. Holmium was discovered by Delafontaine and Soret in 1878 and independently by Cleve in 1879. Metallic holmium is a silver gray color and tarnishes slowly in air. Holmium is used as a catalyst and for some electronic applications.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Soluble in dilute acids. Slightly soluble in water.
|Composition||Ho (atomic no. 67)|
|Molecular Weight||atomic wt = 164.9303|
Hazards and Safety
Sensitive to air, light, and moisture. Contact may cause irritation.
Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Web Elements: Website (accessed Dec. 15, 2004)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 4763
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998