A resist-dyed textile first prepared in Indonesia. Ikat textiles are primarily made from cotton or silk. Prior to weaving the thread is periodically tied then dyed thus preventing the tied section from being colored. The process is then repeated with different tie location and dye colors. In warp ikats, only the lengthwise threads are dyed. In weft ikats, dyed floating weft threads are woven in addition to the plain filling threads.
Synonyms and Related Terms
resist-dyed textile; weft ikat; warp ikat; patola (India); tie-dyed (modern term)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "arts, Southeast Asian." 30 Sept. 2004 and "Indonesia." Encyclopædia Britannica. 30 Sept. 2004 .