Imitation felt

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Imitation felt, or baize, is a loosely woven fabric with a napped, felt-like surface. Baize was originally made in Baza, Spain (Tortora and Merkel 1996). It is made from wool, cotton, synthetic fibers or asbestos that is shrunk, then fluffed to the point that it is difficult to distinguish the weave. Woven felt is used for papermaking, conveyor belts, absorbent blankets, damping and roofing materials, box liners, and as a cover for the surfaces of game tables. It was also used in old homes to cover doors between a reception room and the kitchen area (Roland and Riley 1981).

Synonyms and Related Terms

imitación de fieltro (Esp.) namaak vilt (Ned); baize; woven felt;

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques, Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982

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