Indiana limestone

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Empire State Building, NYC

Description

A general name for many limestones quarried in Lawrence, Owen, and Monroe Counties of Indiana. Indiana limestone is a fine-grain, uniform oolitic limestone that is soft and easy to carve. It is widely used by American sculptors and considered one of the best American limestones for building. Indiana limestone ranges in color from a gray or buff to a variegated that is white with buff and gray clouds. Some of the brand names for Indiana limestones are: Bedford stone; Indiana Buff Statuary; Dark Hollow; Peerless; Sanders; Bloomington; Wellington Cream; Old Blue Hole; Hoosier Silver Gray; Doyles Quarry; Ellettsville stone. In Washington DC, Indiana limestone was used for the exterior of all the buildings on the north side of Constitution Avenue from the Department of Labor to the Federal Trade Commission Building. The durable stone was also used for Chicago's City Hall and Tribune Tower along with New York's Empire State Building.

Empire State Building, NYC

Synonyms and Related Terms

Salem limestone (geological name); Bedford stone; Indiana Buff Statuary; Dark Hollow; Peerless; Sanders; Bloomington; Wellington Cream; Old Blue Hole; Hoosier Silver Gray; Doyles Quarry; Ellettsville stone

Density 2.163-2.403

Additional Information

Indiana Limestone Institute of America: Website

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Frank A. Lent, Trade names and Descriptions of Marbles, Limestones, Sandstones, Granites and Other Building Stones Quarried in the United States Canada and other Countries., Stone Publishing Co, New York, 1925