Jacquard

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Description

An intricately woven fabric made using a draw loom equipped with a jacquard mechanism developed in 1801 by Joseph-Marie Jacquard. The jacquard attachment to the loom used punch cards to allow the machine to weave complex repeating patterns using hundreds of colors and textures of yarns. Jacquard looms make tapestry, brocade, damask, brocatelle, matelassé, and other cloths that are often used for wall or floor coverings.

Jacquard loom punch card

Synonyms and Related Terms

jacquard pattern; jacquard weave; jacquard loom; jacquard (Esp.); jacquard weefsel (Ned);

Additional Images


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985 Comment: loom developed by Joseph-Marie Jacquard in 1804
  • Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: Jacquard Loom." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 30 July 2004 . Jacquard developed draw loom in 1801 and added 'jacquard' attachment in 1804
  • Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937 Comment: loom developed in 1801
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996