A hydrocarbon distillate of petroleum or shale oil collected from the boiling range of 180-300C. First distilled in the 1840s, kerosene is composed primarily of aliphatic hydrocarbons ranging from C10 to C16. This clear, oily, odorous liquid is used as diesel fuel, jet engine fuel (#1 fuel oil), heating oil (#2 fuel oil), lamp oil, degreaser, cleaning solvent, and as an ineffective thinner for oil paints. It is also used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters. Refined and deodorized kerosene was formerly used as a carrier for some insecticides.
Synonyms and Related Terms
kerosine; paraffin oil (Br.); coal oil; #1 fuel oil; jet fuel; #2 fuel oil; diesel fuel; range oil; stove oil; kerosin (Dan.); Kerosin (Deut.); queroseno (Esp.); kérosène (Fr.); cherosene (It.); kerosine (Ned.); Parafin (Nor.); nafta (Pol.); querosene (Port.); fotogen (Sven.)
Miscible with other petroleum solvents. Insoluble in water.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = about 170|
Hazards and Safety
Flammable. Flash point = 38C (100F). Contact causes skin irritation. Toxic by inhalation and ingestion.
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993 Comment: range=180-300C
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing) Comment: range=175 to 325C
- M. Doerner, The Materials of the Artist, Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1934 Comment: range=180-270C
- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983 Comment: range=180-285C
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerosene (Accessed Jan. 15, 2006)- gives range as 150-275C and C12-C15
- External source or communication Comment: CoOL listserve 15Feb2001 Robert Faltermeier '..I came across a protective treatment for archaeological iron. It involves the prolonged immersion of iron into Kerosene. the iron is then coated with Paraloid B-72..'