A resinous pitch obtained from leaves of evergreen shrubs of the Cistus genus native to the Mediterranean region. Examples are:
-Cistus creticus (may be Levantine myrrh) - native to Syria, Palestine, Lebanon.
-Cistus ladanifer - native to Spain and northwest Africa.
-Cistus laurifolius - native to Asia Minor and the Balkans.
Synonyms and Related Terms
labdano (Esp.); ladanum
M.Serpico, R.White, "Resins, Amber and Bitumen" in Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, P.Nicholson, I.Shaw (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 430-474.