A colorless solvent with a lemon-like odor that is occurs naturally from the oils of lemon, orange, caraway, dill, and bergamot. Limonene is used as a wetting and dispersing agent in liquid soaps, inks, perfumes, paints, varnishes, floor waxes, and furniture polishes. It is also used as a solvent for alkyd resins, rosin, waxes, and rubber compounds.
Synonyms and Related Terms
cinene; D-limonene; cajeputene; kautschin; dipentene (isomer mixture); Diene; carvene; 4-Isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene
Miscible with ethanol. Insoluble in water.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 136.23|
Hazards and Safety
Skin contact will cause irritation. Flammable. Flash point = 48C
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 5518
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.471