White hygroscopic crystals. Lithium chloride is one of the most hygroscopic salts known. In a closed environment, a saturated solution of lithium chloride will form an equilibrium at a relative humidity of about 12.4% (20C). Lithium chloride salts are also used in pyrotechnics to produce red colors, as a desiccant, as a soldering flux, and as a carbon dioxide stabilizer in carbonate drinks.
Synonyms and Related Terms
lithium salt of hydrochloric acid
Soluble in water, ethanol, acetone, amyl alcohol and pyridine.
Deliquescent point at 20C is 12.4 % RH (see saturated salt solutions)
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 42.4|
Hazards and Safety
Ingestion of excess amounts may cause an electrolyte imbalance and impaired renal function. Noncombustible. Skin and eye contact may cause irritation.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.662