Muriatic acid

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Common name for Hydrochloric acid in the 19th century (Schur 1985). The name muriatic acid is still used to refer to commercial grade (usually 5%) solutions found in hardware stores for use in cleaning concrete and chlorinating swimming pools.

Synonyms and Related Terms

hydrochloric acid; spirit of salt (used prior to 1800)

Additional Information

S. Schur, "Conservation Terminology: A Review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials", Technology and Conservation, 1985.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • R. Mayer, The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques, Viking Press, New York, 1981
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982

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