A textured fabric with a surface of yarns forming loops. Pile weave uses two or more warp threads with one filling (warp pile weave) or two filling threads with one warp (weft pile weave). The extra thread forms loops. Terry weaves with loops on both sides originated about 1840. Pile fabrics are warm and soft but readily collect dirt. Examples of uncut pile fabrics are Turkish toweling, terrycloth, and some carpets. Examples of cut pile fabrics are velvet, velveteen, corduroy, chenille, and Axminster rugs.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Ananas magdalenae; Ananas comosus; pina; pita; pineapple fiber; abacaxi (Brazil); silk grass; fibras de piña (Esp.)
- M. Doerner, The Materials of the Artist, Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1934
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
- Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937