A family of synthetic rubbers made by polymerizing chlorinated butadiene. Chloroprene was first developed by DuPont in 1931 by Ira Williams and sold under the name of DuPrene in 1932. In 1936, DuPont changed its brand name to Neoprene; now neoprene is a generic term used for this class of synthetic rubbers. Neoprene is vulcanized with metal oxides rather than sulfur which makes it less elastic than rubber, but more resistant to chemicals, heat, and light. It is also resistant to water and biodegradation. Neoprene has a service temperature range of -50 to 95 C and has good compressibility. Neoprene is used for gaskets, roof coatings, shoe soles, wet suits, gloves, contact adhesives, and as a coating for fabrics.
Neoprene adhesives and coatings are typically anionic colloidial dispersions in aqueous solutions. The adhesives can be repared as pressure sensitive or heat activated forms. The coatings and sealants have additives to vary viscosites and surface penetration levels.
Synonyms and Related Terms
chloroprene; polychloroprene; poly(2-chloro-1,3-butadiene); neopreno (Esp.); néoprène (Fr.); neoprene (It.); neopreno (Port.);
Examples: Butaclor® [PolimeriEuropa]; Baypren® [Lanxess]; Sovprene (Russian); Mustone (Japan); DuPrene [DuPont]; GR-M, Evostik [Evode]; Pattex [Henkel]; Butyl [Standard Oil Co.]
Federal Mogul: [Safety Data Sheet]
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in chlorinated and aromatic hydrocarbons.
Examples characteristics and compositions for the Denka series are:
|Product Grade||Solids Content %||Characteritics||Data sheets|
|Neoprene 571||50||high tensile strength||[website]|
|Neoprene 671A||59||general purpose||[website]|
|Neoprene 750||50||excellent flexibility||[website]|
|Neoprene 842A||50||fast curing, low modulus||[website]|
° Denka Neoprene (formerly DuPont) Website
° M.Steinfink, "Neoprene Adhesives: Solvent and Latex" in Handbook of Adhesives, I.Skeist (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1977, p.343-367.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
- Website address 1: www.nswpmith.com.au/historyofplastics.html
- Irving Skeist, Handbook of Adhesives, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977 Comment: ..The first public announcement of this polymer was made in 1931, commercialization began in April 1932. At first known as DuPrene, the polymer was designated neoprene by DuPont in 1936
- M. Baker, E. McManus, 'History, Care and Handling of America's Spacesuits', JAIC, 31, 77-85, 1992
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