White deliquescent solid. Potassium hydroxide is a strongly caustic material that has long been used in the manufacture of soap. It is used as a mordant in dyeing wood and as a component in paint removers, and printing inks. Potassium hydroxide is also used as an etchant in photoengraving and lithography.
Synonyms and Related Terms
caustic potash; potassium hydrate; pottassium lye; potassa
Soluble in water, ethanol, glycerol. Slightly soluble in ether. Absorbs water and carbon dioxide from the air.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 56.1|
Hazards and Safety
Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Strongly caustic and corrosive to tissue. Deleterious to wool, leather, aluminum, lead, tin and zinc.