Saturated salt solutions

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Description

In a closed environment, saturated salt solutions can maintain an equilibrium with the moisture in the air. At low humidities, fully hydrated (liquid) salts can volatilize water. The solid salts can absorb moisture when the humidity is high.

Percent relative humidities produced at 20 C (Greenspan 1977):

- lithium chloride = 12.4 
- potassium acetate = 23.3 
- magnesium chloride = 33.6 
- potassium carbonate = 44 
- potassium nitrite = 49 
- magnesium nitrate = 54.9 
- sodium nitrite = 65.3 
- sodium chloride = 75.5 
- ammonium sulfate = 80.6 
- potassium nitrate = 93.2 
- potassium sulfate = 97.2

Synonyms and Related Terms

salt solutions

Additional Information

L. Greenspan "Humidity Fixed Points of Binary Saturated Aqueous Solutions" J. Research of the NBS, Vol 81A, No. 1 1977.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002