Silver birch

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Silver birch Betula pendula


A slender deciduous tree, Betula pendula, native to Europe, the Balkans and Turkey. The silver birch produces a light, pinkish-yellow wood that is strong and naturally waterproof. It has been used for boxes, bowls, utensils, handles, musical instruments, weapons, boats, wagons, interior trim, millwork and toys.

Synonyms and Related Terms

European weeping birch (Betula pendula); Sandbirke (Deut.); Slöjdbjörk (Sven.); bouleau argenté (Fr.); abedul (Esp.); vidoeiro pendente (Port.); betulla (It.)

Silver birch Betula pendula

Other Properties

Tree height = 15-25 m Bark = brown turning to white with age, smooth but may peel Flowers = catkins (3-5 cm long) in early spring

Additional Information

R.Gale, P.Gasson, N.Hepper, G.Killen, "Wood" in Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology, P.Nicholson, I.Shaw (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2000, p. 334-371.Schoch, W., Heller, I., Schweingruber, F.H., Kienast, F., 2004:Wood anatomy of central European Species: Silver Birch,European White Birch, Betula pendula Roth

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Website address 1 Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at (accessed Oct. 3, 2005)

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