White crystals or powder. Sodium bisulfite is used as a disinfectant and bleach, especially for wool and leather. It is also used as a bleach, digestive aid, and antichlor in papermaking vats. Sodium bisulfite is also used in photographic developing solutions and dye baths as a reducing agent.
Synonyms and Related Terms
sodium acid sulfite; sodium hydrogen sulfite; sodium metabisulfite; sodium pyrosulfite
Soluble in water. Insoluble in ethanol.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 104.06|
|Refractive Index||1.474, 1.526, 1.685|
Hazards and Safety
Noncombustible. Contact causes irritation and burns. Toxic by ingestion.
Reacts with acids to evolve toxic sulfur dioxide fumes.
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 785
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8731
- A Glossary of Paper Conservation Terms, Margaret Ellis (ed.), Conservation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York City, 1998
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index= 1.474, 1.526, 1.685