White to pale yellow Hygroscopic crystals. Sodium nitrite is used in dyeing textiles with developed dyes. It is also used as a Fixative for color photographs. In a closed environment, a saturated solution of sodium nitrite will form an equilibrium at a relative humidity of about 65% (20C).
Synonyms and Related Terms
nitrous acid sodium salt; erinitrit; nitrite
Carcinogenic in test animals. Strong oxidizing agent. Fire risk in contact with oxidizing materials. Used as an antidote for cyanide poisoning.
Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in water. Slightly soluble in ethanol.
Deliquescent point at 20C is 65.3 % RH (see Saturated salt solutions)
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 69.0|
Resources and Citations
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8793