Tintype

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MFA Acc. #: 2002.337

Description

An inexpensive positive photograph made using a collodion emulsion on a black enameled tinplate. The process for making tintype, or ferrotype, photographs was patented in 1856 and used up to the 1940s. Tintype plates contained a thin layer of photoreactive collodion coated on a black lacquered iron sheet. They produced a direct positive image that was processed quickly and inexpensive. The images often had poor contrast levels ranging from a dull grays to creamy whites. Tintypes were typically pasted in paper cards with decorative embossed borders. They were called ferrotypes outside the USA.

Tintype

Synonyms and Related Terms

ferrotype; ferrotyping; melainotype; tin type (sp)

SEM

Tintype sample20 site2.jpg


Hazards and Safety

Moisture may rust iron plate

Contact with smooth surfaces, such as glass or polyester, may cause shiny spots

Additional Images


Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Tintype." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 29 Apr. 2004 .
  • Luis Nadeau, Encyclopedia of Printing, Photographic, and Photomechanical Processes, Atelier, New Brunswick, 1997
  • Caring for your Collections, Arthur W Schulz (ed.), Harry N. Abrams, Inc. , New York, 1992
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998