Vehicle

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Description

The liquid portion of a paint or printing ink. The vehicle is usually a mixture of materials such as a drying oil or resin and solvent along with any additives such as plasticizers or driers. The vehicle serves as a medium to carry the pigments to a substrate and as a binder to seal the pigments into a solid film.

Synonyms and Related Terms

medium; media; binder; aglutinante (Esp.); aglutinante (Port.); ligante (Port.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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