A thick viscous exudation from the Austrian larch tree, Larix decidua. Venice turpentine contains 63% resinous acids, 20% terpenes and 14% resins. It has been used since the 16th century in small amounts as a nonyellowing addition to oil paints where it produces an enamel like surface. Venice turpentine is not used as a varnish because it quickly becomes dark and brittle when exposed to oxygen and light. It is used as a mounting medium for light microscopy. Venice turpentine has also been used as a plasticizer in glue paste linings (Ackroyd 1996).
Synonyms and Related Terms
"Larix decidua; trementina de Venecia (Esp.); trementina veneta (It); larch turpentine; Venetian turpentine "
Soluble in oil, turpentine, ethanol, ammonium hydroxide, glacial acetic acid, acetone, alkalis. Insoluble in water.
Paul Ackroyd "Glue-Paste Lining of Paintings: An Evaluation of Some Additive Materials" ICOM Edinburgh 1996 p.231-238
Sources Checked for Data in Record
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- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
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- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
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- Gordon Hanlon, contributed information, 1998
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000