Vinyl chloride

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Description

A colorless gas with an ether-like odor. Vinyl chloride was first made synthetically in 1835. It is primarily used to make polyvinyl chloride. At one time vinyl chloride was used as a refrigerant and as a propellant in aerosol cans, but those uses were banned because of its toxicity.

Synonyms and Related Terms

VC; chloroethene; chloroethylene

Other Properties

Soluble in ethanol, ether, carbon tetrachloride, benzene. Slightly soluble in water.

Composition CH2:CHCl
CAS 75-01-4
Melting Point -153.
Density 0.9
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 62.50
Refractive Index 1.3700
Boiling Point -13.37

Hazards and Safety

Human carcinogen, mutagen, and teratogen. Extremely toxic by inhalation.

Contact with liquid will cause frostbite.

Flammable. Flash point = -78 C Explosive in air (at 4-22%).

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 10132
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998