Western white pine

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Side chair
MFA#: 1999.216


Idaho White Pine (Pinus monticola)

A large conifer tree, Pinus monticola, found on the north-facing slopes of the western mountains in the U.S and Canada. The Western White pine can grow to heights of 175' with diameters of 8 feet. The distinctive tree has short, symmetrical branches on its top half. The pale green needle grown in bunches of five, and the long (12") cones are slightly curved. The wood from the Western white pine is lightweight and evenly textured with a light-color and coarse-grain. The wood iss used for construction and millwork includeing furnitue, cabinets and shelves. Its production peaked in 1930.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Pinus monticola; white pine; silver pine; Idaho white pine; California mountain pine

Idaho Knotty White Pine (Pinus monticola)

Physical and Chemical Properties

Density 22-31 ppcf

Working Properties

Western white pine is harder the Eastern white pine, but can still be work with either hand or power tools. It has little pitch and does not easily splinter. The small knots do not typically fall out, but should be sealed prior to applying a coating.

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 613
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Western Pine Association, Portland, Oregon: air-dry weight = 27 pcf
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: density=22-31 ppcf (0.35-0.50 g/cm3)

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