Wheat flour

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Wheat harvest

Description

A fine, white powder obtained from grinding seeds of cereal grasses of the genus Triticum. Wheat flour is primarily used for food products. It contains starch and glutenous proteins. It will form a thick, viscous paste with boiling water that, once dried, is strong and water-insoluble. Wheat flour paste has historically been used as a size for textiles and as a paste for relining and hinging. It is no longer in used in conservation because it is susceptible to attack by microorganisms and because it can only be removed with the aid of enzymes.

Synonyms and Related Terms

wheat paste; harina de trigo (Esp.); farine de blé (Fr.); farina di grano (It

Wheat flour

Other Properties

Flour paste contains both starch and gluten (proteins). Starch paste contains only starch.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 868
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Book and Paper Group, Paper Conservation Catalog, AIC, 1984, 1989

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