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An old name used for both barium oxide and barium sulfate prior to the 1800s.

See barite.

Synonyms and Related Terms

heavy earth; calcined baryta; barium monoxide; baryte (Fr.); barita (Port.)


  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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