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A corrosive, nonmetallic element. Bromine is a dark, reddish-brown liquid at room temperature. It occurs in seawater at concentrations of about 65 parts per million. Bromine was first identified as a separate chemical element in a 1826 publication by a French chemist Antoint-Jerome Balard. Bromine is used in fumigants, dyes, photographic chemicals, and as a flame retardant in plastics. It is also used for the chemical extraction of gold from ores.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Br; Broom (Ned.); brome (Fr.); Brom (Deut., Sven.); bromus (Gr.) ; bromo (It., Port., Esp.)
- Skin contact will cause severe burns.
- It is very corrosive and a strong oxidizer.
- Inhalation of bromine vapors is toxic and will burn throat and lung tissue.
- Toxic by ingestion. (antidote is ammonia or thiosulfate)
- ThermoFisher: SDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Soluble in ethanol, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide. Slightly soluble in water.
|Composition||Br (atomic no. 35)|
|Melting Point||-7.2 C|
|Molecular Weight||atomic wt = 79.904|
|Boiling Point||58.8 C|
Resources and Citations
- Web Elements: Website
- Chemical & Engineering News, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 81 (36) , Sept. 8, 2003 Comment: Ari Greenspan, p. 96
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 119
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: Entry 1364
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998