A colorless, stable, low volatility liquid. Butyl lactate is used as a solvent for paints, lacquers, varnishes, oils, dyes, inks, and synthetic resins. It is usually blended with other solvents to slow evaporation and increase drying times. Butyl lactate has also been used as a solvent for Polyvinyl acetate based paints. Toch used small amounts of butyl lactate mixed with turpentine for cleaning paintings (Toch 1931).
Synonyms and Related Terms
- Combustible liquid and vapor.
- Flash point = 71 C.
- Contact causes irritation
- Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Physical and Chemical Properties
Miscible with most oils and organic solvents. Slightly soluble in water. Hydrolyzed with acids or alkalis.
|Melting Point||-43 C|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 146.19|
|Boiling Point||188 C|
Resources and Citations
- M. Toch, Paint, Paintings and Restoration, D.Van Nostrand, New York, 1931.
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- R. Mayer, The Artist's Handbook of Materials and Techniques, Viking Press, New York, 1981
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993